Hyperthyroidism Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

The most common symptoms of the hypothyroidism are weight gain and fatigue. Thousands of women are diagnosed with the disease every year but very few people have sufficient information about the thyroid gland.

The thyroid gland is situated at the base of the throat and plays a major role in the regulation of the body's energetic metabolism. In normal conditions the thyroid gland produces and releases two important hormones with role in the cell metabolism; they induce the transformation of oxygen and calories from food in energy needed by the organism.

Hyperthyroidism Treatment

Three forms of treatment are available for hyperthyroidism. Each of them have their own advantages and limitations and physicians prefer one over the other due to reasons of simplicity, cost and availability and also on the severity of hyperthyroidism, existing illnesses and the age of patient. Each of the possible treatments for an overactive thyroid have some advantages and some disadvantages. In general, all three treatments are highly effective and associated with a low risk of side effects.

Surgery, in most cases of hyperthyroidism is not necessary because the same can be treated effectively with radioisotope therapy. Some patients suffering with Graves' disease however may not tolerate medicines and hence refuse radioiodine and choose surgery instead. Many surgeons think that radioiodine treatment may be unsafe for patients with extraordinarily large glands, or for those whose eyes have started to protrude from their sockets, and hence a large dose of iodide may only aggravate the patient's symptoms. The surgical procedure is rather safe and there are surgeons who conduct partial thyroidectomies for out-patients as well.

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